History of Aloha shirts
Beginning with Japanese immigrants to Hawaii
In 1848, the Hawaiian dynasty decided to allow foreigners to own land in order to actively accept overseas capital in consideration of the development of Hawaii.
Especially European investors have invested in sugarcane cultivation and developed many farms, but as the number of farms increased, they naturally needed workers working there.
So, first of all, we tried to secure the labor force by accepting immigrants from China, but it was a major challenge that the fixation rate was poor and farms did not increase.
And as the next immigration, a white arrow came to the Japanese next to China.
At that time, Japan was a major turning point in the transition period from the end of the Edo period to the new government Meiji.
It is said that the Japanese who decided to move to Hawaii have crossed the sea with a dream in Xintiandi Hawaii.
At that time, the workwear worn by workers working on the farm was an open -collar shirt called "paraca". Due to the influence of Europe, who has begun investing in sugarcane farms, Palaka is said to be the origin of the jacket that European sailors originally wore.
The shirt made in a blue plaid cotton area has a very similar texture to the familiar "Tsumugi Tsumugi" ", and many Japanese migrants naturally used this shirt. It is said.
And it is said that this paraca shirt has become the prototype of the current Aloha shirt.
Making a kimono according to the climate of Hawaii
Japanese migrants who moved to Hawaii have been wearing kimonos brought from Japan very much, but in the Hawaiian climate, the kimono was too hot.
It is said that the children were re -tailored to a paraca -style shirt for children to make effective use of kimonos and put them on their children.
Since the kimono fabric was dismantled and re -tailored to a paraca shirt, the texture, pattern, and colors of the shirt were of course kimono, and the oriental pattern shirts from Japan in the Far East seemed to be a hot topic among local people.
In the beginning of the 1900s, local people who saw such kimonos shirts began to make and wear shirts with commercial kimonos and yukata fabrics.
Aloha shirt is in the boom
Since 1935, the economy has recovered, and the number of people in the mainland of the United States to visit Hawaii from the west coast has increased.
At that time, Aloha shirts were already popular among not only Japanese people but also local Hawaiian, but tourists from the mainland of the United States buy it as a commemoration of visiting Hawaii and take it back to the mainland. It seems to have become.
Despite the time, the kimono shirt gradually spread as a souvenir for Hawaii sightseeing memories.
In the newspaper at that time, the number of stores handling Aloha shirts increased year by year, and you can see photos of Hollywood actors who have visited Hawaii proudly wearing Aloha shirts.
It was the tailor in the town mainly run by Japanese people who supported these popularity of Aloha shirts.
The peak of Aloha shirts
It is said that the peak of the Aloha shirt boom is about 15 years after World War II.
This was because the rayon (artificial silk yarn) kidney, which was invented as a clothing material at the time, turned into cotton and silk, causing a major change to the design of Aloha shirts.
At that time, a number of delicate patterns using kimono dyeing technology were exported overseas from the defeated country.
In particular, the dyeing industry in Kyoto, which escaped the war, supported the export of postwar fiber products. In Kyoto, there are many Yuzen traders who make not only kimonos but also futures and furoshiki, and the fact that these companies made and exported many high -quality products have become a major factor in the development of Aloha shirts. 。
Current Aloha shirt
It is made of various materials such as silk and rayon, but also polyester.
Many designs are vividly dyed like kimonos originated from tropical patterns with Hawaii motifs.
The price is around 3,000 yen, a variety of souvenirs, a vintage of around 1945, and a high -end original product produced by dyed techniques such as Kyo Yuzen.
In Japan, it has been in the spotlight again, including the promotion of Aloha shirts in a cool biz activity in Japan, which began in 2005.